Quintessential Pear & Pepperleaf Vine

By  Judy Westegaard 

  • Quintessential Pear & Pepperleaf Vine
  • Closeup View of Pear & Bottom Leaf
  • Stage 1
  • Stage 2
  • Stage 3
  • Stage 4
  • Fig. 1


  • DecoArt Traditions Artist Acrylics: Brown Madder, Carbon Black, Dioxazine Purple, Hansa Yellow, Medium Beige, Prussian Blue Hue, Raw Sienna, Raw Umber, Warm White, Yellow Oxide
  • Royal & Langnickel: Imia (Natural Bristle): Filbert, Series 21AT, #10, #16; Flat, Series 21AF, #6, #8, #12, #16; Round, Series 21AR, #6, #8; Aqualon: Oval Wash, Series R2950, 1"
  • DecoArt Traditions Mediums: Extender & Blending; Glazing
  • Water based varnish
  • Gallery canvas: 24"x24"x1-1/2"


  • China bristle chip brush, 2" (found in most hardware stores)

Pattern - Quintessential Pear & Pepperleaf Vine

  • Preparation
  • 1. Print out pattern; transfer basic pattern lines. (Transfer details as needed.) Use #16 flat and Carbon Black to block background areas behind pear and border, and on canvas sides. Use chisel edge of #8 flat to stroke edges of pear and leaves for soft fuzzy appearance (see photo). Dry. Apply second coat to same areas, softening edges in same manner as before.
  • Artist's Tips
  • 1. Painting on canvas with natural bristle brushes is a different experience than painting on wood. I worked the painting in three to four stages, allowing sufficient drying time between stages.
  • 2. For first stage, apply painterly brush strokes in slip-slap manner; painting will appear somewhat choppy and splotchy. Use chisel edge of flat brush to "fuzz" edges creating a gradual transition from one area to another; harsh lines should be avoided throughout painting process.
  • 3. For second and third stages, use scumbling and glazing techniques. Use a circular scrubbing motion with #6 or #8 round brushes to work paint into canvas. Glazing (not to be confused with Glazing Medium) is accomplished by first applying a coat of Extender on canvas with oval wash brush. Work Extender into canvas pores in slipslap manner overlapping strokes making certain extender is worked into canvas weaves; canvas should look shiny but not dripping with Extender. Apply thin, transparent layers of paint to specified area using appropriate size flat brush for area; this modifies area color much like sunglasses slightly alter our vision color. Glazing works best using a single color rather than a mix. Use filbert to soften glazed edges and pinch wipe brush frequently.
  • 4. Glazing Medium is used as a barrier coat to protect painted area before proceeding to next step. Use hair dryer to speed drying time if desired.
  • 5. Brush mix colors on palette rather than using a palette knife. Blocking is like "loose" basecoating-the process of placing color in an area and not worrying about solid or edge-to-edge coverage.
  • Stage 1
  • 1. Pear: Use #12 and #16 flats and painterly strokes to block in colors in following sections blending well between paint applications (refer to Fig. 1 on page 12): Hansa Yellow in sections A; Yellow Oxide in sections B, C, E, F, and G; Raw Sienna in sections D.

    Stage 1
  • 2. Leaves: Use #12 and #16 flats to block in medium values with brush mix of Hansa Yellow + Carbon Black + Raw Umber (7:1:tch). Use same mix + Carbon Black + Prussian Blue Hue (5:1:tch) to block in shading, then use first mix + Warm White (4:1) to block in light areas. Use #10 filbert to soften between colors.
  • 3. Border: Apply Extender coat on area. Use #16 filbert to casually slip-slap brush mix of Carbon Black and Med. Beige, then Raw Umber and finally Brown Madder avoiding border edges. Area should appear choppy; use chip brush to slightly soften choppiness.
  • Stage 2
  • 1. Pear: Scumble mix of Hansa Yellow + Warm White (1:1) in light areas working to medium areas. Continue in same manner using Hansa Yellow, mix of Hansa Yellow + Yellow Oxide (1:1), Yellow Oxide, mix of Yellow Oxide + Raw Sienna (1:1), and finally Raw Sienna in darkest area. Immediately soften where colors meet after each color addition. Use #16 flat to refine and soften blending.

    Stage 2
  • 2. Leaves: Deepen shading with mix of Hansa Yellow + Carbon Black + Raw Umber + Prussian Blue Hue (4:1:1:1). Strengthen highlight areas with mix of Hansa Yellow + Warm White + Carbon Black + Raw Umber (1:1:tch:tch). Dry.
  • 3. Apply Glazing Medium coat on pear and leaves. Dry. Use oval wash to apply Extender coat on background, leaves, and pear (omit border area). Use mix of Prussian Blue Hue + Warm White (4:1) to brush onto black background of lower section H and to immediate left of leaf and pear. Use #10 filbert to soften so color gradually shifts from black at top of area to a soft dark blue at bottom. While Extender is still wet, deepen shading areas of pear with mix of Raw Sienna + Brown Madder (1:1); soften with #16 filbert.
  • 4. Border: Transfer pattern. Apply Extender coat on entire border. Use #6 round and mix of Hansa Yellow + Carbon Black + Raw Umber (7:1:tch) to paint vine and leaves; avoid hard edges. While wet, highlight with same mix + more Warm White; soften with #10 filbert.
  • 5. When dry, apply Glazing Medium coat over top of canvas. Dry.
  • Stage 3
  • 1. Apply Extender coat over canvas.

    Stage 3
  • 2. Pear: Use Dioxazine Purple to deepen shaded areas on top and upper right edge of pear. Strengthen highlight areas with mix of Warm White + Hansa Yellow (1:tch); add more Hansa Yellow in section B and C.
  • 3. Leaves: Use Dioxazine Purple to deepen shaded areas to right of top leaf and to left and right edge of lower leaf. Strengthen highlight areas with mix of Warm White + Hansa Yellow (1:tch). Use chisel edge of #6 flat and mix of Warm White + Hansa Yellow + Carbon Black + Raw Umber (3:2:tch:tch) to add vein lines.
  • 4. Border: Strengthen background lighter areas with mix of Warm White + Med. Beige (1:1). Add Brown Madder accents in a few medium value areas.
  • 5. When dry, apply Glazing Medium coat over top of canvas. Dry.
  • Stage 4
  • 1. Pear: Use #8 round to scumble Yellow Oxide in section B, C, D, and E softening one section into next. Scumble a strong Warm White highlight in lower part of section A.

    Stage 4
  • 2. Leaves: Use mix of Hansa Yellow + Carbon Black + Prussian Blue Hue (2:1:1) to deepen shading.
  • 3. Border: Scumble small amount of Carbon Black along and around vines and leaves, gradually softening into background. Use Hansa Yellow to strengthen highlights. Scumble small amount of Raw Umber in medium value areas.
  • Finishing
  • 1. Working in dust free area, use chip brush to apply varnish coat; keep even amount of varnish in brush for each stroke to evenly coat canvas. Apply first coat using vertical strokes; dry. Apply second coat using horizontal strokes. Applying varnish in different directions helps distribute varnish into canvas pores.