Antique: Apply watered-down application of paint or gel stain to surface. Wipe color off with soft cloth before stain dries, leaving more in recessed areas.
Back-to-back: Used to add light or dark values in the center of an object; float paint down center, flip brush, and repeat along opposite side.
Basecoat: Apply a smooth application of paint to cover surface. Allow paint to dry thoroughly between coats.
Brush mix: Dip brush into first color then second color; blend together on palette.
Dry brush: Touch tip of bristle brush into paint and wipe excess color off onto paper towel. Use very light pressure to skim brush over surface, building color gradually. Do not rinse brush in water until dry brushing is completed.
Dots: Dip paintbrush handle into paint, then touch to surface. For same size dots, reload with paint after each application. Use toothpick for tiny dots.
Double-Loading: Dip one side edge of brush into first paint color, and other into second paint color. Stroke back and forth across paper plate to blend.
Floating Color: Dip brush in water and blot excess on paper towel, leaving some water in bristles. Dip one corner of brush into paint. Turn brush so bristles are flat against palette. Stroke brush back and forth to move paint 1/2 to 3/4 of the way across bristles. Paint should be vibrant on edge of brush and fade to "nothing".
Glazing: Use less paint than washing. Apply very little paint to brush for just a hint of color; color should be very sheer.
Highlighting: Add reflected light areas to design with lighter paint tones.
Layering Colors: The process of building values on top of another to create form. Each time a light or dark color is added, center new value within a smaller area of previous color.
Shading: Add shadow areas to design with darker paint tones.
Sideloading: Similar to floating color, except less water and more paint are combined on brush for a stronger line of color.
Spatter: Dip stiff-bristled brush, or old toothbrush, into water-thinned paint. Holding brush 4"-5" from surface, drag thumbnail or knife across bristles. Paint consistency determines spatter size. Thinner paint makes larger spatters. Practice on paper before painting on project. Protect surrounding area with newspapers or drop cloth.
Sponge Painting: Wet sponge; squeeze out excess water. Sponge should be damp, not wet. Dip into paint, then dab on paper towel to remove excess.
Stenciling: Load sponge or brush, dab excess onto paper towel. It's always better to use too little paint than too much. More paint can always be added.
Stippling: Using stipple brush or stencil brush, lightly "tap" surface with pouncing motion. Very little paint should be used.
Wash: Thin or dilute paint with equal parts water to make a transparent mixture.
Wet into wet: Base-paint an area and while it is still wet, apply another color next to or on top of the base color. Lightly blend the two colors together.